Sultan Bargash (1870-88) of Zanzibar had 90 wives, concubines and slaves in his Beit al-Ajaib palace.
But more than 3 centuries earlier, Sultan Suleyman the Magnificient, established in 1541 in the Grand Seraglio at Constantinople's Topkapi Palace (now Hegia Sophia Museum, left below) the famous of all harems. It was headed by his former concubine, Hurrem Sultan, a Circassian whose fame became known as Roxelana to the West.
Left: Smoking a chibouque (long-stemmed pipe) or a nargileh (water pipe).
R: Mary Wortley Montagu, a traveller visited a hammam, Turkish bath.
The last of the harem of Turkish sultans was 1909 when the traditional practice was disbanded.