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Saturday, May 7, 2011


The conquistadores' motto "Gold, God, Glory" (not necessarily in that order) inspired them to East. Spices was gold then.
. Afonso D'Albuquerque conquest of Melaka, 1511. The Nusantara was then open to proselytization.

. Portuguese coin in use in Melaka. The cross becoming more evident.

On March 17, 1521 Magellan made landfall in the Philippines at an uninhabited islet of Homonhon, south of Samar. When they sailed to Limasawa, another island south of Leyte, Enrique (a Malay) was made to good use to communicate in Malay with Rajah Kolambu, king of the island-kingdom. Magellan was zealous in converting the Malay natives to Christianity under the guise of friendship and show of force that bedazzled them. Out of fear and bewilderment on the part of Rajah Kolambu and his subjects, along with his brother Rajah Siagu, they kneeled and kissed the cross of the Spaniards. That was on 31 March, 1521.

Francis Xavier (1506-1553) the Jesuit's apostle to the East visited Melaka 3 times and translated several Christian works into Malay.

Bibliography (partial):
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Book of Common Prayer, Malay. 1915. Kitab Sembahyang dalam Greja. Surat Sambiang. SPCK, London

Bruggermann, Fr. 1966. The history of the Catholic Church in the Rajang 1882-1966. The Sarawak Teacher, Special History Issue II(2)

Bunyon, C.J. 1889. Memoirs of Francis Thomas McDougall … Sometime Bishop of Labuan and Sarawak and of Harriette His Wife. Longmans Green & Co, London

Greer, Robert Rev. 1956. A History of the Presbyterian Church in Singapore. Presbyterian Church Press, Singapore

Kilgour, R. 1935. The Bible in the Netherlands Indies. In Rauws, J. et al (eds) The Netherlands Indies. World Dominion Press, London/New York pp171-6

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Ooi Keat Gin. 1991. Mission education in Sarawak during the period of Brooke rule, 1840-1946. SMJ XLII(63):282-373

Ruyll, A.C. 1611. Sovrat ABC akan mengayd’jer anack boudack seperty deayd’jern’ja capada segala manusia Nassarany: daen beerbagy sombahayang Christaan. Nagry Amsterdam

Saunders, Graham E. 1989. Bishops and Brookes: the Anglican Mission and the Brooke Raj in Sarawak 1848-1941. Ph.D. thesis, Univ Hull; published OUP, K Lumpur 1992
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Sormin, H.C. 1971. A history of the Seventh Day Adventist Church in Sarawak from 1915-1956. M.A. thesis, Univ Philippines, Manila

Steijn Parve, H.A. 1990. Kaum Padari (Padri) di Padang Darat Pulau Sumatera. Dlm Taufik Abdullah (ed) Sejarah Local di Indonesia. Gajah Mada Univ Press, Yogyakarta edisi 3

Varney, P.D. 1968. The Anglican Church in Sarawak from 1848 to 1852. SMJ XVI(32-33)
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Wessels, S.J. C. 1929. De Katholieke Missie in het Sultanaat Batjan (Molukken) 1557-1609. The Catholic Mission in the Sultanate of Bacan (Maluku) 1557-1609. Historisch Tijdschrift VIII

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