Friday, January 27, 2012
ENTER THE SLAYER OF THE MALAY DRAGON
Hang Tuah is likened to as the Malay dragon - a warrior supreme and a paladin of faithfullness to his elders and masters, the sultans of Malacca. He is part of the Malay history especially binding since the Malay Annals came into being.
Winstedt in his History of Malaya, first published in 1903 (Journal of the Malayan Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society) mentioned that Tun Perak during the reign of Raja Kasim aka Muzaffar Shah (1446-1456) was the patron of Hang Tuah, the Laksamana who originated from Bintan.
At Muzaffar's death, his son Raja 'Abdu'llah took the title of Mansur Shah for the throne. During his time Tun Perak, the Bendahara and Hang Tuah successfully quelled a rebellion in Pasai and restored its sultan.
Mansur Shah died in 1477. Raja Husain, a younger son of the deceased and a nephew of Tun Perak was installed as sultan with the title 'Alau'u'd-din Riayat Shah. Under the orders of the Sultan, Hang Tuah stabbed the murderer of Talanai, governor of Trengganu before the eyes of the Pahang king.
'Ala'ud-din sent Hang Tuah to reprove the vassal Sultan of Siak for not getting Malacca's sanction for death sentences. Tun Perak died ca. 1498 to be succeeded by his brother Tun Puteh.
Mahmud, a younger son of 'Ala'ud-din took over to be the last Sultan when Malacca fell to the Portuguese. During the battle Hang Tuah's palm was bleeding when he waved to his warriors and exclaimed "Tak kan Melayu hilang didunia".
Come January 19, 2012, enter the dragon slayer, Prof. Khoo Kay Kim, a noted historian said that Hang Tuah has no no historical basis. It is a myth. Prove it if it is true. Dig up his grave. If his bone fragment is found what good is it to do DNA profiling? There is no record to show that it was really him buried!
I am no historian. Dates of events are the cornerstones of history. Although names and events are mentioned but no dates are associated with Hang Tuah's chronicles. Is it his real real name or non de plume? What about his other 4 close friends? What are their linages. Did they get married and have children? Ahmad Sarji among others has written a book on Hang Tuah.
Lately many people want to get into the bandwagon of revising our history books. Is KKK directing the challenge to politicians and other non-historians what history is all about?
If Hang Tuah is a myth then "Tak kan Melayu hilang didunia". Is it a warning to the Malays that such a paradigm does not hold water?
KKK credentials as historian:
Khoo Kay Kim (ed). 1977. The History of South-East, South and East Asia, Essays and Documents. OUP, K Lumpur
Khoo Kay Kim. 1965/66. J.W.W. Birch: a Victorian moralist in Perak’s augen stable. JHSUM V
1966a. The Federation of 1890; its origin. Peninjau Sejarah I(ii):6-23
1966b. The origins of the British Administration in Malaya. JMBRAS 39(iii)
1966c. The Pangkor Treaty in Malay. Peninjau Sejarah jld 1
*1967-8. Johor in the 19th century: A brief survey. J Hist Soc, Univ Malaya 4
1968. Traditional Malay polity: two preliminary case studies. Fed Mus J, ns XIII
1968/69. Before Pasir Salak. J Hist Soc, UM, K Lumpur VII:40-52
1969/70. Perubahan di Setengah Negeri-Negeri Melayu (1880an). J Hist Soc, UM, K Lumpur
1974a. Malay Society 1874-1920. JSEAS (Dept of Hist, Nat Univ Singapore) 5(2)
1974b. Note on the Larut disturbances and a history of Perak. JMBRAS (reprint)
1975a. The Orang Besar-Besar of Selangor. Malaysia in History XVIII(2):36-45
1975b. Pensejarahan Malaysia. Syarahan Ketiga, UM, K Lumpur
*1976. Terengganu and Kelantan in the 19th century. Southeast Asian Studies Review (Gaya, India) 1(1)
1977-78. Tanah Melayu abad ke-18. J Sejarah UM XV:1-11
1978. The Peninsula Malay Sultanates genesis and salient features. In Second Workshop on Malay Sultanates and Malay Culture, 1978, Hasanuddin Univ, Ujung Pandang
*1979a. Local historians and the writing of Malaysian history in the twentieth century. In Reid, A. and Marr, D. (eds) Perceptions of the Past in Southeast Asia. Singapore
1979b. Recent Malaysian historiography. J Southeast Asian Studies X(2)
1980a. Nineteenth Malay Peninsula – I. In Zainal Abidin A. Wahid (ed) Glimpses of Malaysia History. DBP, K Lumpur pp54-60 2nd ed
1980b. Nineteenth Malay Peninsula – II. In Zainal Abidin A. Wahid (ed) Glimpses of Malaysia History. DBP, K Lumpur 61-7 2nd ed
1980c. Nineteenth Malay Peninsula – I. In Zainal Abidin A. Wahid (ed) Glimpses of Malaysia History. DBP, K Lumpur pp54-60 2nd ed
1980d. The Malay Peninsula: A political survey, 1900-1941. In Zainal Abidin A Wahid (ed) Glimpses of Malaysia History. DBP, K Lumpur pp83-9 2nd ed
1981. Taiping. Persatuan Muzium Malaysia, K Lumpur
1982(ed). Melaka Dahulu dan Sekarang. Pers Muz Malaysia, K Lumpur
1983(ed). Beberapa Aspek Sejarah Kedah. Persatuan Sejarah Malaysia
( ). Kedah diantara imperialisme dan kolonialisme : 1880-1909. Dlm Cheah, B.K dan Abu Talib Ahmad (ed) Kolonialisme di Malaysia dan Negara-negara Lain.
1984a. Majalah dan Akhbar Melayu sebagai Sumber Sejarah. Perpustakaan UM, K Lumpur
1984b. Kuala Terengganu pusat perdagangan antarabangsa. Dlm Abdullah Zakaria Ghazali (ed) Terengganu Dahulu dan Sekarang. Persatuan Muz Negara, K Lumpur
1985. Raja Lumu – Sultan Salehuddin: The Founding of the Selangor dynasty. JMBRAS 58(2)
1985(ed). Sejarah Masyarakat Melayu Moden. Penerbitan Univ. Malaya, Kuala Lumpur
( ?). Panji-panji gemerlapan: satu pembicaraan pensejarahan Melayu. UM, K Lumpur
1986a. The Perak Sultanate: Ancient and modern. JMBRAS 59(I)
*1989. The Peninsular Malay Sultanates: Genesis and Salient Features. Purba (J Malaysian Mus Soc) 8. (Paper originally presented at Workshop on Malay Sultanates, 4-7 Dec 1978, Universitas Hasanuddin, Ujung Pandang, Sulawesi)
*1991. Malay Society: Transformation & Democratisation. Pelanduk Publ, Subang Jaya 238pp
1992. Kedatangan orang Eropah. Dlm Malaysia Warisan dan Perkembangan. DBP, K Lumpur
Khoo, K.K. , Abdul Aziz Mat Ton and Baharam Azit. Melaka: the transformation of Malay capital c. 1400-1980. In Kernial Singh Sandhu and Wheatley, P. (eds), K Lumpur vol II pp70-92
Khoo Kay Kim (penyt). 1983. Beberapa Aspek Warisan Kelantan II. Perbadanan Muz Negeri Kelantan, K Bharu
Khoo Kay Kim. 1982. The election of the Datuk Kelana of Sungai Ujung. J Persatuan Muzium Malaysia (Purba) 1:86-96
1990. Negeri Sembilan: Sejarah awal dan sistem politiknya. Dlm Norazit Selat (peny) Negeri Sembilan Dahulu dan Sekarang. Muzium Negara, K Lumpur
Khoo Kay Kim. 1981. Sejarah Islam di Tanah Melayu. Widya, Feb 1981
*1990. Islam in Malaysia: a view of the pre-1941 scenario. Sarjana VI. (Originally paper presented at Sem on Islam in Malaysia, 13-15 Jan 1989, Singapore)
Khoo Kay Kim. 1970. The Malay Peninsula: a political survey, 1900-1941. In Zainal Abidin Abd Wahid (ed) Glimpses of Malaysian History. DBP, K Lumpur pp79-85
1972. The Western Malay States 1850-1873: The Effects of Commercial Development on Malay Politics. Oxford Univ Press, K Lumpur
1978. Suasana politik di Tanah Melayu sebelum Perang Dunia II. Kongres Sejarah Malaysia, 10-12 Apr 1978
*1981. The Malay Left 1945-1948: a preliminary discourse. Sarjana (J Fac Arts and Soc Sci, UM) 1(1). (Paper originally presented at 3rd New Zealand Conf on Asian Studies, 13-16 May 1979, Univ Auckland, N Zealand
1984. Negeri-negeri Melayu Pantai Barat 1850-1873: Kesan Perkembangan Dagang Terhadap Politik Melayu. Fajar Bakti, P Jaya
Khoo Kay Kim. 1974. Kuala Trengganu: international trading centre. MIH 13(II):16-30
1980. The Malay Peninsula: A social and economic survey. In Zainal Abidin A Wahid (ed) Glimpses of Malaysia History. DBP, K Lumpur pp90-6
*1981. Taiping Ibukota Perak. Persatuan Muzium Malaysia, K Lumpur 36hlm
*1982. Teluk Anson (Teluk Intan) 100 Tahun. Persatuan Muzium Malaysia, K Lumpur 78ms
*1986. Trade and shipping in the Malay Peninsula 1784-1824. In Mohd Yusoff Hashim et al (eds) Kapal dan Harta Karam. K Lumpur. (Originally paper presented at Colloquium “Trade and Shipping in the Malay Archipelago before 1900, 8 Sept 1984, UM) pp107-18
1991. Taiping (Larut): The early history of a mining settlement. JMBRAS LXIV(1):1-32
Khoo Kay Kim. 1981. Sabah History and Society. MHS, K Lumpur