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Sunday, January 29, 2012

MORE ON HANG TUAH, THE MALAY DRAGON

Frankly I have not read the Malay Annals in full. Just found out that Tun Biajid was a son of Hang Tuah according to one writer, Ibrahim Mahmud (1966). If that is so, HT got married to whom? More importantly, in all likelihood he begotted descendents and hence his blood is around!

Many historians/writers have written about Hang Tuah and the Malays Annals otherwise known as Sulalatus Salatin or Sejarah Melayu.

Hang Tuah:
- A. Mubin Sheppard. 1949. The adventures of Hang Tuah
- 1964. Hang Tuah - a biographical summary. In Malaya in History VIII(2):19-25
- Abu Bakar Abd Hamid. 1979. Peristiwa-peristiwa dari Hikayat Hang Tuah. DBP, KL
- Abdul Jalil Noor (ed). 1963. Hang Tuah Pahlawan Raja Melaka. Pustaka Nasional, Singapura
- Abu Hassan Mohd Sham. 1975. Beberapa Aspek dari Hikayat Hang Tuah. Utusan Melayu Press, KL
- Ahmad Sarji. 2004. Hang Tuah: Tokoh Epik Nasional. Pelanduk Publications, Subang Jaya
- Ali Aziz. 1960. Hang Jebat Menderhaka. MPH, Singapura
- Ibrahim Mahmud. 1966. Tun Biajid Anak Hang Tuah. Saudara Sinaran Bros, Pulau Pinang
- Kassim Ahmad. 1958. Characterisation in Hang Tuah. Academic excercise, Univ Singapore
- 1964(ed). Hikayat Hang Tuah. DBP, KL
- Perwatakan dalam Hikayat Hang Tuah. DBP, KL
- Hang Tuah, DBP, KL
- Emeis, M.G. 1952. Bloemlezing Uit Het Klassiek Maleis (Bunga Rampai Melayu Kuno), J.B. Wolters, Djakarta/Groningen
- Rahman Napiah. 1994. Tuah-Jebat dalam drama Melayu: satu kajian intertektualiti.
- Shellabear, W.G. 1914. Hikayat Hang Tuah. Malay Literature Series. Singapore 4vols
- Singaravelu, S. 1981-82. The embassadorial mission of Laksamana Hang Tuah from the Kingdom of Malacca to the Kongdom of Vijayanagaram in South India. Tamil Oli 13:59-61; Tamil Studies, 1982 2(1):24-33; SARI, 1983 pp75-80
- Syed Alwi b. Syed Shaykh al-Hady. 1963. Hang Tuah atau Pahlawan Melayu. Donald Moore for Eastern Universities Press, Singapore
- Syed Zulfida. 1976. Wit dan hunour dalam Sejarah Melayu. Dewan Bahasa 20(4):197-218
- Teuku Iskandar. 1970. Some historical sources used by the author of Hikayat Hang Tuah. JMBRAS 42(II):38-53
- Usman Awang. 1992. Matinya Seorang Pahlawan - Jebat. DBP, KL
- Zainon S. Ahmad. 1994. Kajian Perbandingan - Sejarah Melayu - Hikayat Hang Tuah. Elman Publishers


Malay Annals:
- A. Samad Ahmad. 1979(ed). Sulalatus Salatin (Sejarah Melayu). DBP, KL
- Abu Hassan Mohd. Sham. 1977. Beberapa Aspek dari Sejarah Melayu (Sulalatu's Salatin). Utusan Publications, KL
- Braddell, Thomas. 1851-52. Translations from the Sejarah Melayu. Journal Indian Archipelago 5-6
- Braginsky VI. 1988. Lima Syarahan tentang Sejarah Melayu Klasik. Dalam Kryukova, E.S. dan Dorofeva (ed and transl). Siri Monograf IBKKM, Bangi
- Brown C.C. 1949. Malay Annals. Oxford Univ Press, London
- Cheah Boon Kheng. 1998(ed). Sejarah Melayu: The Malay Annals. Journal Malaysian Branch Royal Asiatic Society 18
- de Jong P.E. de Josselin. 1961. Who's who in the Malay Annals. JMBRAS 34(2):1-89
- 1964. The character of the Malay Annals. In Bastin, J. and Roolvink, R. (eds) Malayan and Indonesian Studies. Clarendron Press, Oxford
- Gibson-Hill, C.A. 1956. The Malay Annals, the history brought from Goa. JMBRAS 29(1):185-8
Hooker, M.B. and Hooker, V.M. 1821. John Leyden's Malay Annals. JMBRAS
- Leyden, J. 1821. Sejarah Melayu, 'Malay Annals': Translated from the Malay Language. London
- Muhammad Salleh. 1981. Sajak-sajak Sejarah Melayu. DBP, KL
- 1985. Oral qualities of Sejarah Melayu. 5th Europen Colloqium on Malaya & Indonesian Studies, Sintra
- Mustafa Mohd Isa. 1977. Perwatakan dalam Sejarah Melayu. Greeting Distributor Sdn Bhd, KL
- Rajantheran, M. 1999. Sejarah Melayu: Kesan Hubungan Kebudayaan Melayu dan India. DBP, KL
- Sanusi Hamid. 1967. Sejarah Melayu sebagai satu sumber sejarah. Dewan Bahasa XI(5):203-9
- Shellabear, W.G. 1910(ed). Sejarah Malayu or the Malay Annals. Malay Literature Series, Singapore 2vols
- Situmorang, T.D. and Teeuw, A. 1952. Sedjarah Melaju. Djambatan, Djakarta/Amsterdam
- Sweeney, A. 1967. The Connection between Hikayat Raja Pasai and Sejarah Melayu. Malay Publishing House, Singapura
- Teuku Iskanadr. 1964. Tun Sri Lanang, pengarang Sejarah Melayu. Dewan Bahasa XIII(11):484-9
- Tomizawa, H. 1981. A structural analysis of the Sejarah Melayu - an essay on a Malay dynastic myth. Japanese J Ethnology 46:55-79
- Tun Seri Lanag. ( ). Kesah Raja-raja Melayu Melaka dari Sejarah Melayu. DBP, KL. Agus Salim (ed), 1969
- Umar Junus. 1984. Sejarah Melayu Menemukan Diri Kembali. Penerbit Fajar Bakti, PJ
- 1990. Keturunan Iskandar Zulkarnain dalam Sejarah Melayu dan Tambo Minangkabau. Siri Seminar Pengajian Siswazah Jab. Persuratan Melayu, UKM
- Winstedt, R.O. 1938. The Malay Annals or Sejarah Melayu. The earliest recension from MS. No. 18 of the Raffles Collection in the Library of the Royal Asiatic Society, London. JMBRAS 16(3):1-225
- 1949. The Malay Annals again, Goa and the kings of Singapore. JMBRAS 22:178-80
- 1975. The Malay Annals or Sejarah Melayu. JMBRAS XVI(iii)
- Yusoff Iskandar. 1977a. Sejarah Melayu: edisi Shellabear/Winstedt: beberapa perbezaan. Dewan Bahasa 21(2):110-21
- 1977b. Metos dan legenda sebagai unsur penulisan Sejarah Melayu. Dewan Bahasa 21(7):470-86
- Yusoff Iskandar dan Abd Rahman Kaeh. 1978. Sejarah Melayu. Heinmann Educational Book (Asia) Ltd, KL
- Zainal Abidin Abdul Wahid. 1966. Sejarah Melayu. Asian Studies IV(3):445-51
- 1974. Sejarah Melayu. Dewan Bahasa 18
- Zakaria Ali. 2000. The Sejarah Melayu as literature. The New Straits Times, 26 July


Much of our history especially those written earlier are the works of colonial historians such R.O. Wintedt, R.J. Wilkinson, W.E. Maxwell, W. Linehan, C.C. Brown, Frank Swettenham, I.H.N.Ivans. Other western writers - Williams R. Roff, Barbara W. Andaya, J.M. Gullick, K.A. Adeelar, James T. Collins are wellknown and current.

3 comments:

  1. so how? if he real or is he not?

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  2. in all likelihood he begotted descendents and hence his blood is around!

    Singaravelu, S. 1981-82. The embassadorial mission of Laksamana Hang Tuah from the Kingdom of Malacca to the Kingdom of Vijayanagaram in South India. Tamil Oli 13:59-61; Tamil Studies, 1982 2(1):24-33; SARI, 1983 pp75-80

    Teuku Iskandar. 1970. Some historical sources used by the author of Hikayat Hang Tuah. JMBRAS 42(II):38-53

    ReplyDelete
  3. Menurut Andaya (2002), Hang Tuah, Hang Jebat dan Hang Kasturi adalah pemimpin ulung kaum Orang Asli. Kekuasaan Orang Asli dalam pemerintahan Melaka serta kerajaan-kerajaan melayu yang lain mengalami kemerosotan dengan kematian ketiga-tiga tokoh ini. Pendapat ini dipetik dari Pagan Races of the Malay Peninsula, Macmillan, London 1906 karangan Skeat, W.William and C.O. Blagden.

    Andaya juga memetik pendapat Juli Edo, seorang ahli antropologi dari etnik Semai yang mengatakan bahawa Hang Tuah dan Hang Jebat adalah Orang Asli. Hang Tuah ialah Orang Jakun (Winstedt, 1935). Hang Tuah dan keluarganya berpindah ke Hulu Perak selepas kematian Hang Jebat.

    ReplyDelete