Kamal introduced romanised spelling of the Turkish language to improve the education system.
Turkey aligned with Germany (Triple Entente) in WWI. At the ending of the war, Allied forces over ran Turkey.
The last Sultan of the Ottoman Empire abdicated at the Treaty of Sevres, 1920.
Kamal Ataturk made a desperate plea to his people either die or put to shame under alien rule. The Turks rallied and fought against the foreign forces. By 1922, the crusaders were driven out of Turkey.
Ankara is the site of the mausoleum of Kamal Ataturk, founder and first president of the Turkish Republic. The mausoleum which took 19 years to build, was dedicated on Nov. 10, 1953, the 15th anniversary of Ataturk's death.