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Thursday, March 27, 2014

WHAT KJ SHOULD KNOW ABOUT LAB


KJ, this brash, ambitious upstart with shifty eyes being a non-science graduate wants to rebrand laboratory (lab for short) for mere workshop to discuss for ideas and solutions to problems. Such meetings would not cost anything because the government pays for food, lodging and other paraphanelia.

Lo and behold, without mentioning what the topics, objectives, and outputs he demanded  an allocation of RM60K for each lab. He wants it to look grand, innovative, and perhaps scientific.

 Let him have a glimpse as below what is a lab like. As to the cost of setting a lab it could run anywhere from RM60K to RM60M or even billions depending on the nature of research work to be done and the equipments needed.

Research need not be only in labs. It could be anywhere under the sun, to the moon and stars.

Standard procedure in a lab research:
First identify the problem and state the hypothesis. Eg. NS- a failed transplanted Minangkabau state.

Set the objectives, materials and methods to conduct the research.


Analyse the results obtained using statistical methods when dealing with quantitative data.

Draw conclusions which may or may not support the hypothesis.
Communicate results through publications and other media.




A basic equipment in a lab is a compound microscope with three levels of magnifications, low, medium and high.
 


Under  low magnification we can see some organelles in a plant cell.



At medium magnification the organelles are more discernable.
 


At higher magnification we can see the chromosomes found scattered in each nucleus of the cell, in this case 23 pairs of them in human. XY are sex chromosomes.
 


Results can be translated into graph forms.



A molecular scientist at work in the lab.



The famous scientists who discovered the molecular structure of DNA that make up the chromosomes.


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