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Saturday, January 24, 2015

MEGALITH - BATU HIDUP


At Repah (NS), just by the roadside south of Tampin on the way to Gemas using the old road are found several megaliths. Megaliths were used as grave stones in antiquities.

I must have passed the Tampin megaliths a thousand times to and fro during school days at Tampin or balik kampong. Many a time we take things for granted and not to bother to find out although curious. It was only a year ago that I decided to stop by the megaliths on the way back to kampong. There may a dozen of them in the well maintained ground, one of which is about 6ft tall. 

Other places where megaliths are found in Negeri Sembilan are Bahau and Pengkalan Kempas (Port Dickson), Melaka Pindah. Megaliths are also found in the Kelabit Highlands of Borneo, South Sumatra, Indonesia, Stonehenge (Salisbury , England), and elsewhere in the world.

Kuburan Datuk Paduka Seri Maharaja Pembesar Kerajaan Melayu Melaka di Kampung Melaka Pindah.

Tampin megaliths.




Megalith gallery grave.  La Roche aux Fees, Esse, Ille-et-Villaine, France (c.3,000-1,800 BC).

The Stonehenge at Salisbury, England


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Wallace WA. 1920-1922. Plans of the Negeri Sembilan grave and megaliths with notes (Plans 1-5). J FMS Mus IX :175-83

von Koenigswald GHR. 1962. A remarkable megalith and gold-ring from Java, (with Borneo affinities). SMJ XI:372-5

van der Hoop A. 1933(?). Megalithic remains in South Sumatra. Trans by W. Shirlaw, Zutphen, Netherlands

Perry WJ. 1918. Megalithic Culture in Indonesia

Evans, Ivor H.N. 1920-1922. A grave and megaliths in Negeri Sembilan with account of some excavation. JFMS Mus IX:163-4

Baier, Martin. 1987. Magalithische monumente des Bahau-gebiets. Linden-Museum Stuttgart Jahrbuch Band 36:117-28

Chandran, J 1973. The cultural significance of the Pengkalan Kempas megaliths. JMBRAS XLVI(1):93-100
____ . 1978. Living stones. The New Straits Times Annual

Banks, E.A. 1937. Some megalithic remains from the Kelabit country in Sarawak. Sarawak Mus. J. 4(15):411-38

Harrisson, Tom H. 1958. A living megalithic in upland Borneo. SMJ 8(12):694-701
____ . 1959. More “megaliths” from inner Borneo. SMJ ns IX(13-14):14-20

Abdullah Zakaria Ghazali. 1982. Batu hidup: Satu tinjauan ringkas kuburan di Negeri Sembilan dan Melaka. J Persatuan Muzium Malaysia (Purba) 1:21-9

Baier, Martin. 1995. The enigma of the Apo Kayan: Megalithic sculptures and sarcophagi in the Apo Kayan area (Study of a journey to the south-east of Apo Kayan in July-August 1994). In King VT and Horton AVM (eds) From Buckfast to Borneo. Sarawak Literary Society, Kuching pp469-88

Teguh Asmar. 1978. Megalithic tradition. In Haryati Soebadio (ed) Dynamic of Indonesian History. North-Holland Publ Co, Holland

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