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Tuesday, October 31, 2017

PAHLAWAN BUGIS - KERIS MABUK DARAH


Pahlawan Bugis kian terasak* dalam dan luar. Keris terhunus lincah ia main silat, menepis sana menepis sini, menikam sana menikam sini. Air liur tersembur memekik "Aku kebal". Konco2  berteriak "Hidup Bugis". 

Dedak diselerakan. Esok masih ada.

Apa dalam kepalanya? Bayangkan. Apa pun Bic Mama buat tidur tak lena. Kencing tak lawas berak tercirit2. Sempatkah aku habiskan bilion ini? Kesal. Kalau masa boleh diputar balik biar jadi orang biasa. Apakan daya nasi sudah jadi bubur.

Sudah terlanjur. Alang2 menyeluk pekasam biar sampai pangkal lengan. Genggam bara biar jadi abu. Aku mesti lawan berani mati. Pesan tok nenek moyang. 

Tiada jalan keluar. Kuasa mesti digenggam dengan kuku besi. Persetan petualang. Kau lampaui garis merah ku bunuh. Biar keris mabuk darah.

Apa itu akhirat? Acapkali ke Ka'abah pintu syurga. Bertaubat. Allah Maha Kuasa.



PAKATAN Harapan (PH) hari ini berikrar akan membersihkan Malaysia daripada korupsi, sebahagian janji pembangkang dalam manifesto pilihan raya umum akan datang.

Pengerusi PH Dr Mahathir Mohamad berkata dalam tempoh 100 hari PH berkuasa, mereka berikrar akan:

*1. Menahan Malaysia Official 1 (MO1) dan “jerung” lain.

2. Menubuhkan Suruhanjaya Siasatan Diraja (RCI) untuk menyiasat penyelewengan dana yang berlaku di 1MDB dan Felda.

3. Menubuhkan badan bebas untuk mengembalikan aset Tabung Haji (TH) dan wang rakyat yang dicuri dan disalah guna melalui korupsi.

4. Menjadikan Suruhanjaya Pencegahan Rasuah Malaysia (SPRM) sebagai badan bebas dan melapor terus kepada Parlimen dan;

5. Menghapuskan rundingan terus untuk kontrak kerajaan.

Saturday, October 28, 2017

SULAWESI HOMELAND NAJIB MADE ASHAMED OF



The Buginese homeland is Sulawesi formerly known as Celebes.

Najib, an infamous Bugis pretender unabashedly want to ride on the glorious history of Celebes and his roots. Piracy still runs unshed in his blood. Cash is the loot. 

He is the self-proclaimed "Cash King" of Malaysia. Over the globe people call him the "King of Kleptocracy."


Najib - Datuk Seri I Mappadulung Daeng Mattimung Karaeng Sandrobone Sultan Abdul Jalil. Ia gelaran tertinggi masyarakat Bugis di daerah Gowa, Sulawesi yang diberikan kepada Najib pada tahun 2005. Mengikut catatan sejarah, I Mappadulung Daeng Mattimung Karaeng Sanrobone Sultan Abdul Djalil Tumenanga ri Lakiung adalah salah seorang daripada putera Sultan Abdul Djalil yang merantau ke Pahang dan merupakan leluhur Najib.


On the ethnohistory of Sulawesi that the kamikup should know:

Abd Razak Daeng Patunru. 1964. Sedjarah Wadjo. Kebudayaan Sulawesi Selatan dan Tenggara
1969. Sejarah Gowa. Yayasan Kebudayaan Sulawesi Selatan dan Tenggara, Makassar

Abu Hamid. 1994. Syekh Yusuf Makasar: Seorang Ulama, Sufi dan Pejuang. Yayasan Obor Indonesia, Jakarta
(?). Syekh Yusuf Tajul Kahlwati: Suatu Kajian Antropologi Agama. PhD dissertation, Univ Hasanuddin (unpubl)

Andaya, Leonard Y. 1981. The Heritage of Arung Palaka: A History of South Sulawesi (Celebes) in the Seventeenth Century. VKI 91, M Nijhoff, The Hague

Andi Zainal Abidin Farid. 1973. Butir-butir Kata Berkhidmat Negarawan-negarawan Bugis Makassar Tentang Kepimpinan dan Kesusilaan Pemerintahan dari Abad XV Sampai Abad ke XVII. KOPERTI Wilayah VII


Blok R. 1817. History of the Island of Celebes. Calcutta (trans. Stubenivoll, von J
1979. Makasaars-Nederlands Woordenboek. Den Haag

Cense AA. 1950. De Verering van Sjaich Jusuf in Zuid Celebes. Bingkisan Budie pp50-7

Chabot HT. 1950. Kinship, Class and Sex in South Celebes. JB Wolters, Groningen & Djakarta

Chambert-Loir, Henri. 1980a. Hikayat Dewa Mandu. Texte et pr-sentation. Ecole Francaise d’Extreme-Orient, Paris
1980b. Les sources malaises de histoire de Bima. Archipel 20
1985. Dato’ ri Bandang: Legences de l’islamisation de la region de Celebes-Sud. Archipel 29:137-63; Dato’ ri Bandang: legends of the Islamization of the South Sulawesi region Dlm Perret, Daniel dan Puteri Rashidah Megat Ramli (ed) Hubungan Budaya dalam Sejarah Dunia Melayu.  Ecole Francaise d’Extreme-Orient dan DBP, K Lumpur ms62-98


Damste HT. 1918. Een Franschman over Celebes in 1688. Koloniaal Tijdschrift 7:1383-98

Darjanta. 1966. Makasar sebagai Bandar Dagang pada Abad ke 18. Thesis Kesarjanaan (Doktorandus) Sastera Jurusan Sejarah, Univ Gadjah Mada, Indonesia

Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan. 1978. Adat dan Upacara Perkahwinan Daerah Sulawesi Selatan. Projek Penelitian dan Pencatatan  Kebudayaan Daerah, Pusat Penelitian Sejarah dan Budaya. Jakarta
1979. Adat dan Upacara Perkahwinan Daerah Sulawesi Utara. Projek Penelitian dan Pencatatan  Kebudayaan Daerah, Pusat Penelitian Sejarah dan Budaya. Jakarta


Edel J (ed). 1938. Hikayat Hassanoedin. Thesis Utrecht, B. Ten Brink, Meppel

Gervaise, Nicholas. 1688. Description historique du royaume de Macacar (Historical account of the kingdom of Makasar). H Foucault, Paris


Hamid Abdullah. 1982. Pandangan hidup dan kepimpinan masyarakat Bugis asli. PURBA (Perstuan Muzium Malaysia), K Lumpur

Hamonic, Gilbert. 1977. ‘Les fausses femmes’ du pays bugis (Celebes-Sud) (The false women of the Bugis country). Objetc et Mondes XVII(1):39-46
1980. Mallawolo: Chants bugis pour la sacralisation des anciens princes de Celebes-Sud (Mallawolo: Bugis songs for the coronation of princes in South Sulawesi). Archipel 19:43-79
1983. Pour une etude compare des cosmogonies de Celebes-Sud. A propos d’un manuscript inedit sur l’origene des dieux bugis (For a comparative study of the South Sulawesi cosmographies. About an unpublished manuscript on the origin of Bugis gods). Archipel 25:35-62
1985. La fete du grand Maulid a Cikoang, regard sur une tarekat dite ‘shi’te’ en Pays Makassar (The festival of the great Mawlid at Cikoang, about a tariqa said to be ‘Shi’a’ in the Makasar area). Archipel 29:175-89

Harvey, Barbara Sillars. 1974. Tradition, Islam and Rebellion: South Sulawesi 1950-1965. Dissertation, Cornell Univ

Helen and Reid A. 1988. South Sulawesi. Periples Press, California

Husain Ibrahim. 1973. Rivalitas dan Pembaharuan dalam Masyarakat Sulawesi Selatan. KOPERTI Wilayah VII


Macknight CC. 1972. Macassans and aborigines. Oceania 42:283-321

Makarausu Amansjah A. 1969. Mazhab Sji’ah di Tjikoang. Bingkisan Jajasan Sulawesi Selatan dan Tenggara II:27-39, III:25-45

Mangemba HD. 1975. Kenallah Sulawesi Selatan. Timun Mas, Jakarta 146hlm

Matheson V. 1973. Tuhfat al-Nafis; a 19th Century Malay History Critically Examined. PhD thesis, Monash Univ Australia

Matthes BF. 1869. Over de Wadjoreezen met hun handelsen scheepswetboek (About the Wajorese with their commercial and maritime code). Makasar
1885. Boegineesche en Makassaarche Legenden (Buginese and Makasarese legends). BKI XXXIV:431-94

Mattulada. 1962. Sirih dalam hubungannya dengan perkahwinan masyarakat Mangkasara. Mangkasara, Sulawesi Selatan
1976. Islam di Sulawesi Selatan. LEKNAS/LIPI, Jakarta

Moento HSD. 1941. Langkah dan oesaha kami tentang peringatan Conferentie Moehammadijah Daerah Selebes Selatan ke XVI di Sengkang. Labbakang, Makasar


Nishimura Y. 1995a. Agriculture in the villages of southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia – part 1: The inter-village variations in food production and consumption. Sago Palm 3(2):55-6
1995b. Agriculture in the villages of southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia – part 2: The role of sago exploitation in household and village conomy. Sago Palm 3(2):62-71 (in Japanese)
____ , Bangapadang B and Mappinangku. 1994. Study on agriculture and its society system in southeast Sulawesi: Sago Agriculture in Kolaka. Survey Report on Integrated Agricultural and Rural Development Project in southeast Sulawesi. Japan International Cooperation Agency pp195-226
____ and Laufa TM. 2002. A study of traditional methods used for sago starch extraction in Asia and the Pacific. In Kainuma K et al (eds) New Frontiers of Sago Palm Studies. Proc Intl Symp Sago (SAGO 2001): A New Bridge Linking South and North, 15-17 Oct 2001, Tsukuba, Japan pp211- 8

Noorduyn, Jacobus. 1955. Een achttiende-eeuwse kroniek van Wadjo: Buginese Historiografie (An 18th century chronicle of Wajo: Buginese Historiography). Smits, s’ gravanhage
1956. De islamisering van Makasar (The Islamizing of Makasar). BKI CXII:247-66
1968. Origins of South Celebes Historical Writing. In Soedjatmoko (ed) An Introduction to Indonesian Historiography. Ithaca, New York pp137-55

Nur SR. 1979. Beberapa aspek hokum adat tatanegara kerajaan Gorontalo pada masa pemerintahan Eato. Dissertasi, Universitas Hasanuddin


Overbeck H (trans). 1926. Silsilah Melayu dan Bugis . JMBRAS IV(3)


Pelras, Christian. 1971. Hierarchie et pouvoir traditionnels en pays Wadjo’ (Celebes) (traditional hierarchy and government in the Wajo’ country (Sulawesi). Archipel 1:161-91; 2:197-223
1975. Introduction a la litterature bugis (Introduction to Bugis literature). Archipel 10:239-67
1977. Les premieres donnees occidentals concernant Celebes-Sud (Early Western data concerning South Sulawesi). BKI CXXXIII(2-3):227-60
1981. Celebes-Sud avant l’Islam, selon les premieres temoignages estrangers (South Sulawesi before Islam, according to the first foreign evidence). Archipel 21:153-84
1983. Le pantheon des anciens bugis vu a travers les texts de La Galigo ( The pantheon of the ancient Bugis seen from the texts of La Galigo). Archipel 25:63-96
1985. Les elements du ritual populaire bugis (The elements of popular Bugis rituals). Ethnologica Helvetica 10:183-201
1996. The Bugis. Blackwell, Oxford

Ph OL Tobing. 1961. Hukum Pelayaran dan Perdagangan Amanna Gappa. Yayasan Kebudayaan Sulawesi Selatan dan Tenggara, Makassar


Reid, Anthony. 1981. A great seventeenth century Indonesian family: Matoaya and Pattingalloang of Makasar. Masyarakat Indonesia VIII(1):1-28

Rossler, Martin. 1987. Die soziale Realitat des Rituals: Kontinuitat und Wandel bei den Makassar von Gowa (Sud-Sulawesi/Indonesia) (The Social Reality of Ritual: Continuity and Change among the Makasar of Goa (South Sulawesi/Indonesia). Kolner ethnologische Studien, Band 14


Sapada, Andi Nurhani. 1985. Tatarias Pengantin dan Tatacara Adat Perkahwinan Orang Bugis Makasar. Adung Lestri, Ujung Padang

Shelly E. 1979. The cosmic house of the Buginese. Asia, Jan/Feb 1979

Skinner C. 1963. Sja’ir Perang Mengkasar. M Nijhoff, La Haye

Stapel FW. 1922. Het Bongaais Verdrag: De Vestiging der Nederlanders op Makassar (The Bungaya Treaty: Establishment of the Dutch at Makasar). JB Wolters Uitgevers, Mij, Groningen/den Haag


Usop KMA. 1978. Pasang ri Kajang: kajian sistim nilai di ‘Benteng Hitam’ Amma Toa (The ancestor’s message in Kajang: a study of the system of values in the Amma Toa’s ‘Black Citadel’. PLPIIS, Ujung Pandang


Villiers J. 1981. Trade and society in the Banda Islands in the sixteenth century. Modern Asian Studies 15:93-100
1990. Cash crop economy and state formation in the Spice islands in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries/Makassar: the rise and fall of an East Indonesian maritime trading state, 1512-1669. In South-East Asian Port and Polity, Rise and Demise. Singapore Univ Press, Singapore


Wessels Sj C. 1949. De Katholieke Missie in Zuid-Celebes, 1525-1668 (The Catholic Mission in South Sulawesi, 1525-1668). Het Missiewerk XXVIII(1):65-83, 2:129-44

Wolhoff GJ and Abdurrahim. 1960(?). Sedjarah Goa. Bingkisan Jajasan Sulawesi Selatan dan Tenggara. Makasar

Woodward D. 1805. The Narrative of Captain David Woodward and Four Seamen, who lost their ship while in a boat at sea, and surrendered themselves up to the Malays in the Island of Celebes. Johnson, London 2nd edn


Zainal Abidin, Andi. 1968. Siapakah Raden Djoko Kretek. Bingkisan Jajasan Sulawesi Selatan dan Tenggara I(21):7-20



Friday, October 27, 2017

DE LESSEP'S DREAM - PANAMA CANAL


Ferdinand de Lesseps




Building Gatun Lock, the first of three between Colon and Panama. United States army engineers finally completed the construction of the Panama Canal in seven years at a cost of $400,000,000.


Pedro Miguel Lock, at the end of the Gaillard Cut which cleaves the continental divide at its lowest point. Over half of the canal's forty miles traverses Gatun Lake, formed by damming the Chagres.


Spectators gathered along railroad tracks on October 10, 1913 (below), to watch workers dynamite Gamboa Dike, freeing the waters of Gatun Lake to flood Culebra Cut for its final dredging. Ten months later - after ten years of effort - the Panama Canal was complete

Tuesday, October 24, 2017

PM - PENYANGAK MAHARAJA


Rujuk: Che Det

DARUL PENYANGAK 

1. Kita sekarang berada dalam negara penyangak atau kleptokrasi. Dalam Darul Penyangak pemerintah mencuri. Cara mencuri ini berbeza tetapi matlamatnya sama. Matlamatnya ialah mencuri duit rakyat dengan cara halal dan lebih kerap dengan cara haram.
2. Demikian 1MDB. Syarikat ini ditubuh khusus untuk mengadakan wang untuk dicuri. Prosesnya mudah. Syarikat pinjam berbillion Ringgit dengan jaminan Kerajaan. Duit itu dilabur dalam syarikat yang tidak wujud yang memiliki telaga minyak hanya dalam kertas. Sebenarnya duit itu dimasuk ke dalam akaun orang tertentu, dipindah dari sebuah bank ke sebuah bank, di negara-negara yang berlainan. Akhirnya duit itu terdapat dalam akaun MO1.

3. Apabila MO1 ditanya dari mana datangnya duit berbillion itu, jawapannya mudah sahaja. Arab derma.

4. Dan AG pun mengesahkan. Tidak ada apa-apa salahlaku. Dan ini disahkan pula oleh MO1 iaitu oleh pencuri sendiri. Kes tutup.

5. Dalam cara yang halal, cukai GST diadakan, subsidi dihapus dan lain-lain. Halal dari segi undang-undang. Tetapi bagi rakyat, kesan tidak berbeza dari curi.

6. Dalam negara Darul Penyangak pula, jabatan-jabatan sibuk mencari duit. Jabatan Cukai menyerang syarikat kerana kononnya tidak bayar cukai. Syarikat jelas bahawa semua cukai sudah dibayar. Resit dan buku akaun ditunjuk.

7. Tetapi jabatan cukai dakwa ada cukai yang belum dibayar selama 10 tahun ke belakang. Jumlahnya ialah 50 million Ringgit. Bayar 50 million atau tindakan akan diambil.

8. Jika bantah, atau dakwa di mahkamah, sementara itu semua duit dalam bank dibekukan. Syarikat tidak dapat berniaga. Nak bayar gaji pun tak boleh. Sudah tentu tak dapat bantu parti lawan. Yang akhir ini ialah tujuan utama.

9. Jabatan pencegah rasuah pula menuduh seteru pemerintah terlibat dengan rasuah. Sementara bukti dicari tertuduh ditangkap dan dihadiah baju oren bertulis “lokap”. Pemberita dijemput untuk ambil gambar. Masyarakat dapat lihat penjenayah yang belum terbukti salah.

10. Sekali lagi beku akaun bank. Duit beku tidak boleh diguna untuk politik. Terselamatlah penyangak Darul Penyangak.

11. Banyak lagi cara yang diguna untuk samun duit rakyat sama ada dalam syarikat, peribadi atau dengan cukai atau bayaran ciptaan. Bekalan elektrik boleh dipotong kerana kononnya pengguna merosakkan meter. Bekalan boleh disambung jika ratusan ribu dibayar kerana kononnya mencuri tenaga elektrik.
12. Sementara itu jika penyangak yang menguasai Darul Penyangak diketahui jelas melesapkan berbillion wang pemerintah, badan-badan tertentu tidak berbuat apa-apa. Walaupun dunia tahu penyangak yang memimpin mencuri, walaupun laporan dibuat oleh Bank Negara, BPR dan PAC yang jelas membukti siapa yang mencuri tidak ada apa tindakan diambil.

13. Maka hidup mewahlah kepala penyangak dan anak penyangak dan konco-konco.

14. Malangnya duit yang disauk adalah duit yang dipinjam. Dan pinjaman mesti dibayar. Tak mengapa. Jual bond. Cukup laku kerana banyak dana simpanan rakyat dikuasai oleh penyangak. Maka dana seperti KWSP, Tabung Haji dan lain-lain pun beli dan pemerintah Darul Penyangak pun dapat bayar hutang lama dengan hutang baru. Dengan itu Darul Penyangak masih menanggung hutang.

15. Jika duit yang dari hutang baru tidak mencukupi, tak mengapa. Negara boleh dijual. Sekeping demi sekeping boleh dijual. Hasil jualan diguna untuk bayar hutang dan sebahagian lagi disapu oleh penyangak.

16. Dengan itu selesailah hutang. Tetapi Darul Penyangak sudah dimiliki orang. Dan rakyat pun jadi hamba kepada pemilik negara yang baru.

Monday, October 23, 2017

AMERICA CLAIMED MY CHILD BACK


During the later stage of pregnancy of our second child, my wife had frequent severe headaches. She would even ask me to pull her hair to lessen the pain. I brought her to the Good Samaritan Hospital, Corvallis, Oregon for check-ups  regularly because her blood pressure was high. 

On 27th March 1984 she was admitted to the Hospital. Around midnight pre-eclamsia forced her blood pressure to go up to more than 220. She was getting delirious and taking in lots of water. To save both mother (7.5 months pregnant) and baby (girl) the doctors decided there and than for caesarian. 

It was emergency. They could not afford to wait for me to sign the consent form. They tried to contact my phone but I was in deep slumber. When I reached the hospital half an hour later the baby was already out.






At birth our baby, Dianelly is only 1lb 8oz. Her footprint from toe to heel was just about twice the length of a paper clip.

Immediately after birth, an ambulance sent our baby to Eugene Hospital, south of Corvallis. The paediatrics ward there being more equipped I supposed.


This was about the size at birth (not her photo) and hooked up to monitors - heart beat, blood oxygen etc. Her lungs were not fully developed so she was on lung machine to help breath. 

In the ICU at Eugene Hospital, this is somewhat the array of medical machines and equipments to keep her alive for the first month in the incubator. (Not her photo).

After 1 month she was fit enough to be out of the incubator but still in the ICU. My wife is strong woman. A few days after delivery we drove down to see the baby. At 6 weeks old we brought Dianelly back to Corvallis. She was on heart monitor for the next 6 months. 

The total bill for both hospitals ran up to US127,000. Fortunately my student insurance covered 75% of the payment and the rest by MARDI (Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute) my employer back home.

We were grateful for the community support and health care received in Corvallis. Premature clothes for the baby were provided to us.

Dianelly (left) not yet 6 months old with her brother. She was still on heart monitor but we took the risk to travel the Northwest by road.



Zig Zag Zoo by Oregon's coast.

Dianelly at four and half years old camping in frontyard of the house back in Teluk Intan, Malaysia.



When she was a teenager.



She now lives in Dallas with her husband and two and half year old daughter.


We would like to put on record our gratitude to the doctors especially Dr. Nusralla (delivery, Corvallis), Dr. Elliot (paediatrics, Eugene), nurses of Good Samaritan Hospital, Eugene Hospital, and health care centres that enable our miracle baby to survive and lead a normal life. May God bless them all.





Friday, October 6, 2017

DARE NAJIB TO KNOW ABOUT INDIANS


Najib the Bugis is a Johnny-come-lately on Indians. Dare to call himself the 'Father of Indian Development'! 

Dare to insult those from Kerala. Compare Bugis civilisation to Indian civilisation! 

Dare to fail University of Nottingham?

Indian, Punjabi and Others

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